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Most popular cannabis-related genetics

Cannabis is a plant that has been known and used for millennia by different cultures around the world. Over time, its genetics have been manipulated to obtain strains with specific characteristics, whether for their medicinal or recreational properties or simply for their appearance.

In this article, we will explore the most popular cannabis-related genetics and how they have influenced its evolution and diversity.

In the future, we are likely to see strains designed to treat specific medical conditions or even tailored to the personal preferences of individual consumers.

History of cannabis and its genetics

Origins of cannabis

Cannabis is believed to have originated in Central Asia, where it was grown mainly for fibre and food. Over the years, its cultivation and use spread to Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.

Development of genetic strains

Cannabis genetics have been modified over time by selective breeding and crossbreeding of different plants. This practice has given rise to a large number of strains with different characteristics and properties, which can be classified into four main categories: Indica, Sativa, Hybrid and Ruderalis.

Indica genetics

Sativa cannabis plants, on the other hand, are taller and thinner than Indicas. Their leaves are narrower and their growth is more spaced out. The effects of Sativa strains are more stimulating and energising, making them ideal for treating depression and fatigue.

Popular strains

Some of the most popular Sativa strains include Haze, Sour Diesel and Jack Herer.

Hybrid Genetics

Hybrid cannabis plants are the result of crossing Indica and Sativa strains. This allows the characteristics and effects of both genetics to be combined in one plant. Depending on the ratio between Indica and Sativa, the effects and characteristics of hybrid strains can vary.

Popular strains

Among the best known hybrid strains are OG Kush, White Widow and Blue Dream.

Ruderalis genetics

Ruderalis genetics are less well known than the other three categories. These plants are smaller and hardier, and are characterised by their ability to flower automatically, regardless of the light cycle. Ruderalis strains generally have low THC levels and are not commonly used for recreational purposes.

Applications

Ruderalis genetics are especially useful in the creation of autoflowering strains, which are prized for their ease of cultivation and resistance to adverse conditions.

How new cannabis strains are developed

Cross-over

The process of crossing involves the pollination of a mother plant with pollen from a father plant. This allows the genetic characteristics of both plants to be combined in the resulting seeds.

Stabilisation

Once a new strain has been obtained by crossing, it needs to be stabilised through successive generations of breeding. This process ensures that the desired characteristics are maintained in the offspring of the plant.

Selection

Selection is a process in which the best plants from a population are chosen for further cultivation and development. This improves the quality and uniformity of the cannabis strains.

The role of terpenes

Terpenes are chemical compounds present in cannabis that influence its aroma and taste. In addition, they have also been found to influence the effects of the plant, enhancing or modulating the properties of THC and CBD. This has led to a growing interest in the research and development of strains with specific terpene profiles.

The future of cannabis genetics

Advances in genetic research and breeding technologies allow the development of new strains with increasingly specific characteristics and properties.

In the future, we are likely to see strains designed to treat specific medical conditions or even tailored to the personal preferences of individual consumers.

Cannabis genetics have evolved over the years to offer a wide range of strains with different characteristics and effects. The understanding and manipulation of these genetics allows the needs and tastes of an ever-growing market to be met, both for recreational and medicinal purposes.


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