More and more countries around the world are legalising the use and trade of cannabis, and year by year the demand for the plant is growing. Eventually, as for all large-scale cultivation, ecological planning must come into play. The world has reached a point of such high consumption and pollution that all future projects should take into account the environmental impact.
What is organic farming?
These are a range of agricultural practices that minimise negative impact on the environment. They are often based on older or classical methods and promote sustainable methods that care for soil, water and biodiversity.
All crops affect the soil, either by draining it of nutrients (such as nitrogen or phosphorus) or by affecting its pH. This is why crop rotation has been practised for thousands of years. In the case of cannabis, this means alternating its cultivation with that of other plants that have different nutritional requirements, so as not to exhaust all the reserves of the same compound and to give the soil time to recover its richness.
Another method is to use organic fertilisers such as compost or manure, which are rich in organic matter and essential nutrients. This can replenish soil compounds and help maintain soil fertility in the long term.
Use of pesticides and chemicals
Part of the philosophy of organic farming is not to use synthetic products and pesticides that pollute the soil and water, and can even harm other plant and animal species. This sometimes means that crops are slower and more difficult to grow, as modern farming practice is more damaging but more effective.
A better product
Although these alternative practices result in an increase in the cost of the final product (as production with organic methods is more difficult and scarce), they end up providing products of higher quality and purity.
By allowing the plant to grow naturally, without the intervention of harsh chemicals, cleaner cannabis buds with a more balanced cannabinoid profile can be obtained. This can result in a more satisfying and potentially safer consumption experience for users.
Organic cannabis cultivation can also promote socially responsible agricultural practices. If sustainable methods are used to preserve soil and water, respect for farm workers and local communities should also be encouraged. This implies fair working conditions, the promotion of diversity and inclusion, as well as active participation in the local economy.
As demand for organically grown cannabis grows, specific certifications and standards are also being developed to ensure the authenticity and quality of products. These certifications, such as organic or fair trade, help consumers make informed choices and support producers who adhere to sustainable practices.
Organic cannabis in Barcelona
In Barcelona, and throughout Spain, there is a growing interest and practice in organic cannabis cultivation. There are cannabis associations and clubs that promote sustainable practices and offer spaces where growers can share knowledge and experiences about growing cannabis organically.
These cannabis associations in Barcelona, in addition to being places where members can consume marijuana legally and safely, also promote education and the dissemination of information about organic growing. They organise workshops, talks and events where they discuss sustainable growing techniques, the use of organic fertilisers, soil conservation and other practices related to organic growing.
In addition, Barcelona in particular hosts cannabis-related fairs and exhibitions, where organic growers can showcase their products and share their knowledge with other cannabis enthusiasts.
Organic cannabis cultivation is not without its challenges. It requires greater dedication and knowledge on the part of growers, as well as an investment in time and resources. But the commitment must be accepted by both producers and consumers, who together must promote greater care for natural resources and the environment.